Wednesday, 11 October 2017

साक्षात्कार | कवयित्री पद्मिनी शर्मा




कवयित्री पद्मिनी शर्मा का नाम मन में आते ही बेटी की संवेदना से लेकर नारियों के प्रति समाज में व्याप्त विडम्बनाओं तक तमाम विषयों के मुक्तक और गीत मुखर हो उठते हैं। मानवीय संवेदना तथा भारतीय संस्कृति की मूलभूत प्रवृत्तियाँ, कवयित्री
 पद्मिनी शर्मा की रचनाओं में सहज उतर आती हैं।

प्र.1 महोदया, हम जानना चाहते हैं, आपने बहुत ही छोटी उम्र से लेखन की शुरूआत कर दी थी,आपके लेखन के पीछे प्रेरणा का स्रोत  क्या या फिर कौन था?
जब कोई लेखक या कवि बनता है तो उसकी ज़िन्दगी एक इंजीनियर या डॉक्टर जितनी आसान नहीं होती
क्योंकि भगवान उसे आसान जिंदगी नहीं देता | उसको मुश्किल  ज़िन्दगी देते है ताकि वो लिख सके|
मैं प्रेम की कवयित्री  हूँ और एक प्यार ही है जिसने मुझे बचपन से प्रेरित किया है और जब मैं छोटी थी तब से ही मैं राहत साहब को सुनती थी और तभी मैंने सोच लिया था कि जीना है तो शेर की तरह ही जीना है | तो वही  मेरी प्रेरणा थे |
प्र.2 महोदया, आपने अपनी कविताओं के जरिये  भारतीय नारी के भिन्न-भिन्न रूपों को दर्शाया है | तो आपकी उनमें से सबसे प्रिय कविता या फिर रचना कौनसी  है?
असल में मैंने कभी सोचा नहीं कि मैं कभी भारतीय नारी को दर्शाऊं या उसकी पैरवी करूँ | मैंने सिर्फ अपने दिल की बातें लिख दी और जब पढ़ा तो पाया कि यह तो भारत की हर एक स्त्री, हर एक लड़की, के दिल की बात है| हम बहुत सारी कविताएं लिखते हैं लेकिन जो पढ़ते हैं, सुनाते हैं, वो उनमें से थोड़ी ही हैं | हम अपने लिए लिखते हैं और उनमें से कई छिपा के रखते हैं, क्योंकि  हमे पता नहीं होता  है की समाज इन्हें स्वीकार करेगा या नहीं | हाल ही में  लिखी मेरी एक  प्रिय कविता  सुनाना चाहती हूँ  :
वो कोई ख्वाब था जिसको सजाने वाली थी
तेरे मकान को एक घर बनाने वाली थी |
तेरी नज़र तो मेरे जिस्म से आगे न गई
मैं तुझे रूह में अपने समाने वाली थी
मैं तेरे मकान को एक घर बनाने वाली थी|
यूँ मंजिलो के लिए छोड़  गया तू मुझको
मैं मंजिलो को तेरे पास लाने वाली थी
मैं तेरे मकान को एक घर बनाने वाली थी|
प्र.3 आप स्वयं ही काफी युवाओं की प्रेरणा हैं हम जानना चाहेंगे कि वो कौन से कवि  या कवयित्री  हैं जिन्होंने आपको प्रेरित किया है ?
नहीं मैं किसी का अनुसरण तो नहीं करती हूँ, लेकिन मैं रबिन्द्रनाथ टैगोर से प्रेरित हूँ, जिस प्रकार उन्हें नोबल  पुरस्कार  मिला जैसा उनका जीवन रहा | जब मैंने उनकी जीवनी पढ़ी उसके बाद से मुझे सबसे ज्यादा उनसे प्रेरणा मिली | हम सभी इस दुनिया में आये हैं, हम सभी अपने लिए जी रहे हैं, अपनी ख़ुशी के लिए जी रहे हैं | आपकी ज़िन्दगी का मतलब है जब आप किसी और के लिए, समाज के लिए, कुछ करके जाएं, लोग याद रखें आपको | टैगोर को लोग आज भी याद करते हैं |
प्र.4 महोदया, आपको वाह वाह! क्या बात है !पर छुपा रुस्तम पुरस्कार से सम्मानित किया था | तो उसके बाद से आपको जनता की कैसी प्रतिक्रिया मिली ?
मैं कविताएं ऐसे ही लिखती थी और अपने लिए ही लिखती थी | कभी किसी को नहीं पढ़ाती थी | लेकिन मैं जब वाह वाह! क्या बात हैमें प्रस्तुति देने जा रही थी तब मैंने तय किया था कि मैं ऐसे ही तहतमय कविता सुना दूंगी लेकिन उस रात को ट्रेन में मैंने वो गीत लिखा जो आज मेरी पहचान बन गया है | हर जगह लोग वही सुनना चाहते है|
प्र.5 महोदयावर्तमान स्थिति में हिंदी का महत्त्व  कम होता जा रहा है| इस पर आपके क्या विचार हैं और आप युवाओं को क्या संदेश देना चाहेंगी ?
मैं इस बात से सहमत हूँ | लेकिन जैसे मैं हूँ मेरी तरह बहुत से ऐसे कवि और कवयित्री  हैं, तो यह एक ऐसी स्थिति  है जिस पर हमें मिलकर काम करना होगा | लेकिन इसका एक सकारात्मक असर भी है | मणिपाल  में इंजीनियरिंग कॉलेज में मुझे बुलाया गया था वहां के प्रधानाचार्य, डीन, किसी को भी हिंदी नहीं आती, लेकिन उन्होंने कोशिश की | और अगर आप खुद इस बात का एहसास करके मुझसे यह सवाल पूछ रहे हैं तो इसका मतलब है कि इसकी स्थिति सुधर रही है |

साक्षात्कार एवं संपादन : आकांक्षा तिवारी एवं तन्मय शर्मा

फोटोग्राफर : निशिधा श्री

Thursday, 5 October 2017

3 things You Probably Didn't Know About Catalonia

Maybe you tuned in to your favorite news channel and got dumbstruck by mass protests in a principality in Southern Spain. You may think after Crimea's annexation and ISIS attacks all over the continent,Europe is facing a turmoil.But wait,this situation is much more different from what you think.
1.Catalonia has always been a controversial region in the Iberian history.
It started long ago,even before it was called Catalonia.During the early stage of its history, it was ruled by Romans(it was called Hispania).Although Romans had ruled Catalonia till the onset of medieval age,the region suffered from frequent wars with North African and  Mediterranean tribes.After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the  area was conquered by the Visigoths and was ruled as part of the Visigothic Kingdom for almost two and a half centuries and then came under Muslim rule.Arab rule lasted only for half a century as the powerful Spanish empire defeated the arabs to gain control over the region.Although,it has been  a part of Spanish kingdom since then,Catalans have always strived for an independent territory.

2.FC Barcelona is a symbol of Catalan Independence and Power.
It was during Franco's rule(1939-1975).He banned the use of Catalan language in government-run institutions and during public events, and also the Catalan institutions of self-government. The pro-Republic of Spain President of Catalonia, Lluís Companys, was taken to Spain from his exile in the German-occupied France, and was tortured and executed in the Montjuïc Castle of Barcelona for the crime of 'military rebellion'.Catalans were living under fury of the military dictator.Franco was a Castillian and supported Real Madrid.Catalans saw FC Barcelona as their heroes,who can help  them bring down the Castillan flag.This is how El Classico started.Barca has been  more than a club and El Classico is more than a game.It's about pride of Catalonia and stakes have always been high.It was never Ronaldo vs Messi,it has always been Castillans vs Catalans.
More than a club.
"It's a day for democracy",Pep Guardiola, former FC Barcelona player and manager.
3.Catalans share the same cultural heritage as the other Spaniards.
Catalonia has been an integral part of Spain since the nation’s inception in 1812.Although it has been struck by various invasions from Arabs and Mediterranean and other tribes,it does have a Spanish root.They speak similar language,have similar physical features,eat the same food and share a passion for the same sport-Football.Catalonia forms an important part of the Spanish economy-about 40 percent of Catalonia’s exports go to the rest of Spain.Barcelona is the economic heartbeat of Spain and a major tourist attraction.
With Catalans and Castillans united,we witnessed the most powerful national team in Football History.

People from every single part of Spain celebrated La Tomatina on 30th August in Bunol,despite referendum the day after.

-Kumar Shashwat

Sunday, 1 October 2017

An interview with Ms. REEBA KAPOOR,Entrepreneur,Director-"What's in the Name?"




Ms. Reeba Kapoor is a successful entrepreneur,coach and a motivational speaker.Presently,she is Director and Brain Coach at 'What's in the Name?'

Q:  Ma’am, what inspired you to become an entrepreneur?

Ans:  Five years ago, I started working with a great organisation, but when I went there and started doing   what I was supposed to, I got really bored. Secondly, I always loved the sound of myself, training and talking to myself. Then I thought that something can be done in this area. So, after 6 months of research ,I finally found what I really  wanted to do, that was training students .And that's how my company "What's in the name" was born. My only agenda was to add value and change lives.

Q: The concept of training students is not a new one, you must have faced many problems.What did you do to overcome them?

Ans:  Yes, there are a lot of people already in this sector but my determination kept me going. Especially in India many institutes are open to the concept of PDP's .They are really looked down upon. It took me a long time to get my first institute but when I got my first one I realised that although it may take some time but people are going to love the content I provide because everything I teach is my own life. I teach on a very realistic approach because I have been a recruiter, hiring manager, have arranged freshers’ drives, so I exactly know what these people are looking for.

Q: What is your idea behind changing the mindset of youth of our country towards becoming a job giver rather than a job seeker?

Ans: India has always been an entrepreneurial country. The job culture has come into existence only a few years ago when the MNC's started coming in our country. By nature, we are an entrepreneurial economy anyway. I don't see anything wrong in having this kind of mindset when someone wants to add some value through his or her idea in the economy and actually be a change maker in the economy. This will also make them self dependent and our economy can rely on the shoulders of great entrepreneurs. Then we won't need these big companies coming to our country.

Q: Is it necessary to work under someone, and gain some experience and then start one’s own business?

Ans: No, I completely disagree with it. There are the certain skills that you have it in you, certain things you become aware of, you grasp form the environment, from the people who inspire you and you need some people who add little value in your life.

Q: You have a very busy schedule, like from past two days we are seeing that you don’t have a minute to spare, so what do you think are the golden rules to manage your time?

Ans: You don’t need to manage time when you do the things which you like, the things which are spiritual to you. Moreover, when I am able to add something to someone else’s life, that is highly amazing. That’s why I don’t get tired. I like stretching myself. Its fun, it's amazing until I am falling on the floor and my body is paining(laughs).

Q: You worked with a lot of people of different countries as well. So what's the basic difference you find while working with people of  other countries than with those of ours?

Ans: Guys, the beauty is that change is becoming similar now. When I came back from London five years ago, it was very different for me because people in India are very people oriented, like they want to have lunch with you, they would want to talk with you, basically they want to build some sort of relationship with you. Abroad, it doesn't happen like that. They don't become that personal in business.
But now this culture is changing in India. Work culture is becoming better day by day and the good thing is the development of entrepreneurial spirit. It’s becoming much cooler to work in India.

Q: Please give a tagline for our institution.

Ans: I will give you three words:
                            Powerful
                            Prepared
                            Persistent

And you guys are result oriented.





Interviewed and edited by: Siddharth Jain
                                          Aman Mishra

Photographer-Aditya Singh


Monday, 4 September 2017

An interview with Miss Virali Modi, Miss Wheelchair India 2014 Runner Up


Miss Wheelchair India 2014 Runner Up,Disability Rights Advocate Quora Top Writer 2017, 2016, 2015, and 2014

Q. Which part of your introduction you like the most. Being Quora’s top writer for four consecutive years, a motivational speaker, Miss India wheelchair runner up 2014, an aspiring actress/model or the lady who defeated death thrice?
A. ‘The lady who defeated death thrice’ because it’s inspirational and interesting. Everyone can achieve whatever they want in their lives , but getting a title like that is difficult and unique.

Q. So how was your reception in Gwalior?
A. It was good. I arrived yesterday here. I had some issues with my flight  but overall it was nice. I also visited Gwalior Fort yesterday. Everyone has been so kind to me in Gwalior and I’ve been taken care of as it’s my home. I have nothing but good things to say about the administration, students ,organizers and about Gwalior in general. I’m incredibly appreciative.

Q. Did you get butterflies in your stomach before the talk?
A. I was nervous. Being the first speaker, I showed up on the stage directly. It happens to the best of speakers and so it happened with me.

Q. You wrote on Quora once you have a dark and dirty sense of humour. One of your fellow Quora writer approves the same .Does this quality of yours help you to get along with people easily?
A. Yes it does. Usually when talking to people, I get a vibe if they would get along with me. Precisely, whether they seem easy-going in a way in which I could turn their statements into a joke and they wouldn’t mind, or rather approve my sense of humour . If I find this to be the case, then bang on! We are best friends.

Q. Diving in the Mumbai underwater festival, you said you felt like a mermaid or fish and moved freely in water. Despite having past swimming experience, were you in any sort of dilemma whether you should go forward with this or not?
A. Not really because while diving I had to go underwater but I  had  an oxygen tank with me so why to be scared.I was a litte bit nervous though but I pulled it off.By the way I just found out  I am going Scuba Diving this Tuesday.

Q. In the process of wining the big battle of making trains wheelchair accessible. How much satisfaction and enjoyment do you get in winning these small battles? I want to quote an example you posted from your social media account - A passenger travelling to Trivandrum from Calicut by Jansatabdi requested wheelchair via an email. In this process smaller wheelchair and portable ramps were used. It was a step towards accessibility for all without any stress, which seems to be your motive.
A. It gives me a lot of satisfaction because these small battles add up in wining a bigger battle. From booking a wheelchair via an email, porters are getting trained to handle the person who is disabled. If they are properly trained, no man handling will be done. If it is done, they will be fired. Because of this, the porters have become sensitized and they are now escorting the passengers from the train all the way to their car ensuring they are seated properly. This is a big change for humanity and in general especially for porters. I don’t mean to be discriminating but these porters come from an illiterate background .They might not understand how the world works or the hardships that someone with disability faces. They are becoming sensitized. Isn’t that a big change in the society? So if you win these small battles, eventually it all adds up in wining something big at the end of the day. You know, the best part was that they weren’t required to spend anything for this because everything was donated by rotary club, hospitals and NGO’s.

Q. How you deal with situations where someone shows extra sympathy towards you?
A. If someone does it I can tell it straightaway. This is one tatic I always follow in my life .It doesn’t mean that if I am on a wheelchair I cannot help myself. If I can push my wheelchair myself, why would I need someone’s help unless I am facing some difficulty. If I need someone’s help then I will the first one to ask for help.

Q. Your mother has a strong character .You narrated the incident today that she made you to crawl and struggle for cookies. What was going through her mind? In one of your posts you wrote she never cried in front of you?
A. Yes she has a pretty strong character. She was crying behind me watching me struggle. But she didn’t express it me. She questioned herself what she was doing and why was she putting me through this. When I asked her later, she told me - She had two minds about it. One was why she was doing this. Second, she had to do this otherwise I would have never learnt to become independent. I thank her for that everyday. .At that stage I was not able to sit without support but now I much in a much better condition.  Whenever I go through a hardship I remember that incident - if I was able to do that in that situation then I can do anything. If I cannot deal with a boy problem or manage my expenses so why am I cribbing. If I can overcome that stage to what I am doing right now then I can do anything.

Lets play a  rapid fire:
Q. Your inspiration.
A. Myself.

Q. Your favorite movie.
A. Haathi Mere Saathi.

Q. One thing you can’t live without.
A My mother.

Q. You are jealous of?
A. Bipasha Basu’s body and the hardwork she puts in everything she does.

Q. One actor whom you want to work with?
A. It will be Irfan Khan.

Q. If you were to be supergirl for one day first thing you would do?
A. Implement total accessibility for wheelchairs all over the world.

Q. One food item you can’t afford to miss anytime.
A.I have a sweet tooth but it’s surely not cookies. I would say pizza or may be noodles.

Q. Your favorite subject in high school?
A. It has to be science.

Q. Biggest rumour you have heard about yourself on social media platforms.
A. That I am related to Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Q. Your favorite TEDx talk of all times.
A.  there was a talk in TEDX Oslo about ‘Virginity Fraud’ delivered by medical students Nina Dølvik Brochmann & Ellen Støkken Dahl.

Q. Who was your favorite co-speaker in the event today?
A. I definitely think it was Roshni Misbah and Saurabh Kaushik.

Q. You wrote before you became wheelchair bound, it was your dream to become a doctor; specifically, a heart surgeon. What would you be if you were a doctor but not a heart surgeon?
A. May be a neurologist.

Interviewed and edited by-
Prakhar Srivastava



Saturday, 2 September 2017

An Interview with Mr. Saurabh Kaushik ,Founder at PEOPLEIST INDIA. Trusted Business Growth Strategist & Coach for Business, Owners(Billionaires/Millionaires), Entrepreneurs & Fortune 500s.




       

Q1:What led to the inception of Peopleist  India?
Ans 1: I always wanted to do something on my own. I was already consulting a lot of companies and thought why not let’s start something of your own. You are also dependent on others. I found this a great opportunity to do this all by yourself. I’ve got great support from my teammates and I think one should take the plunge and then there is no looking back.

Q2:What is the biggest change you’ve seen in yourself after Peopleist India?
Ans2: I think I’ve grown as a leader. Working with these guys in my last assignment I was the HR manager and I was consulting many other companies for which also I was HR. But during  Peopleist when you’re working with your own people so closely, you grow because you have so many experiences .For the first time it’s like you go to the jungle and hunt your own food. In a job whatever you do you get paid every month but in this you’re hunting on your own like finding a client, delivering a service. The best thing has been growing as a leader and bringing about a change in not only yourself but in your clients as well.

Q3:As a consultant what is your instinctive approach to any problem?
Ans3:Fisrt step is to know the problem really really well. How we operate is we’re like sharp shooters. Often times what we’ve seen is when an organisation calls us, they’re generally talking about symptoms and this is generally one part of the problem. So first understand what it is and where we are and where do you want to go and then devising how could we get there. We take the best of insights from the organisations themselves.

Q4:How do you maintain balance between work and personal life?
Ans4:I have the one principle of really living your life. I think there’s nothing worse than a life not lived and I don’t think my work is work. I really enjoy it and for me its like how would a hobby be for someone. Its something which you would enjoy. Whereas personal life is concerned that’s what we do all the time.

Q5:TEDx ..was that personal or professional?
Ans5:It was a very good opportunity to share my experiences with the youth of our country. My TEDx  experience was phenomenal. I really enjoyed and I think that the 18 minutes concept is really cool.

Q6:Nowadays start-ups have become more of a trend. Can you give some pointers for successful start-ups?
Ans6:They say 90-97% start-ups fail in their initial years. The most  vital thing for a startup  to be successful is for their founder to know who they really are and what they want to do and how they want to do it. Nobody teaches you how to run a startup  in your college education .For a startup to be successful it really needs to be able to add values.

Q7:What advice would you like to give to your younger self?
Ans7:Don’t take yourself seriously. Just do what you like to do. A lot of people I have come across are suffering from many things. You can have a lot of money but still be depressed .You should keep moving and add values.

Reported By:                                         
Riya Khandelwal
Ritika Agarwal

Photographer:
Vishakha Gupta

AN INTERVIEW WITH ACHARYA SRI PUNDRIK GOSWAMI

   
   






Q1. What you are doing presently has been a trend in your family since generations. Didn’t you ever feel like joining some other profession sometime in your life.
Ans. I started doing this since I was 7. According to me, this is just a mindset. Ultimately everyone wants to be happy, either by doing what they want to do or what their family expects. What I believe is if I am born in a family which has already created a mark in some field, then why should I not take it forward from that point rather than going to some other field and start from scratch to reach limited heights.


Q2. You go to different places not only in India but also abroad with people of different mindsets, ages, education level and backgrounds. Do you find any difference while delivering your thoughts? And if so, how do you make sure that everyone gets you well?
Ans.  All in all, everyone is on the same ground. The only difference lies in the age but it’s not that big an issue because if it was so then I would not have been the one delivering but would have been on the receiving side. The distinction lies in realization and my objective is just to make them realize. So all these differences actually lead to no differences.

Q3. Can forgiveness become weakness of a person?
Ans. No, forgiveness can never become weakness, in fact it is the strength! You can only forgive when you are strong. There is a very famous line- “क्षमा शोभती उस भुजंग को जिसके पास गरल है, उसका क्या जो दंतहीन विषरहित विनीत सरल है” meaning that forgiveness only suits the one who is strong enough, it is not meant for weak.

Q4. When someone is going through bad times then people often say things like trust the Almighty but it seems impractical to him at that time. Is it so that philosophy can never meet practicality?
Ans. Everything starts with a hope, for example if I take a cup of tea I hope that it will be sweet but if I already believe that it is bitter then I will not enjoy it.  So giving hope is a very practical thing and if somebody is giving it in the name of God but the other is calling it impractical then he is really in a miserable condition.

Q5. People often fear future, they fear about its uncertainties or mishaps that can occur. So how can we face this fear?
Ans. Fear is sometimes good like night is good to sleep, not to work, so if there was no night this world would be very different. So those fears are like injections to motivate you to do something better.

Q6. It is usually seen that many times people lose faith when bad things happen to them so can it be seen as justified or not?
Ans. Actually those people never had faith, it was expectation! These two are very different things. Like I expect that drinking a cup of tea will keep me awake, now the level of expectation will decide, the tea will definitely effect and keep me awake but I thought it’s gonna last for 3 nights but it was effective for 1 hour only, so it showed its effect but my expectation was more which disappointed me.

Q7. When something good happens in someone’s life, they say it’s because of their hard work but when there are bad things going on they blame their destiny. So is there really something like ‘Karma-fal’ or Destiny?
Ans. Actually people like to take credit of everything but it is ultimately their actions only. Destiny doesn’t affect your actions, it affects the results of your actions. So it’s always there and that’s the whole theory of Karma. It is not what now you are doing but why you are doing, like a doctor & a thief both possess a knife, cover their faces and cut your stomach but it is their intentions that are different.

Q8. We students have different goals and we all work in the direction to achieve them. But according to you what should be the ultimate goal that each one of us should pursue?
Ans. The ultimate goal of life is to look for the goal and if you know it, that’s the biggest achievement. Its always about knowing the goal, knowing what you are here for and not about how much you have achieved it.

 Reported & Edited By:
Mahima Gupta
Gaurav Agarwal





Friday, 1 September 2017

DOKLAM STANDOFF- tension between INDIA & CHINA




                                                                                                             
 We know that India and China are economic friends but, after Doklam satndoff began in mid-June then began the tension between these two nations. Doklam is a tri junction between India, China and Bhutan. And Sikkim section has a special historical background and this is the only defined boundary between India and China. When India accused China of constructing a road in the disputed territory towards Doklam Plateau, supporting Bhutan's stand and asking China to halt its construction work China claimed Doklam as its territory. Soon there was a stand off between these countries,sending reinforcements at the boarder area. Due to this the pilgrimage to Kailash Mansarovar was cancelled.

On June 30,the People Liberation Army(PLA) spokesperson Col Wu Qian warned Army Chief General Bipin Rawat to “stop clamoring for war” and told reporters: “we hope that the particular person in the Indian Army could learn from historical lessens and stop such clamoring for war”. In response to this,Union Defence Minister Arun Jaitley hit back “if they are trying to remind us, the situation in 1962 was different and India of 2017 is different “.day before the G20 summit was supposed to begin in Hamburg,Germany  China dismissed the prospected meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and PM Narendra Modi, saying the “atmosphere is not right for bilateral meeting “. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said the border stand off with China cannot be resolved through war but can be settled through bilateral talks. Then Chinese Consul General in Kolkata Ma Zhanwan,said that “shared interest “ between the two countries “far outweigh any differences”.

Ma said “In relationship between nations ,there are always differences. It is like belonging to a family with many brothers and sisters. There can be differences between siblings and even parents. If there are such differences between two brothers, that does not mean that they cannot get along. You don’t stop dealing with that brother with whom you can have differences, on other issues”. Everything can be resolved if both come forward to have a healthy relationship because if we don’t resolve it  then in future there can be greater chance of having more conflicts and possibly it can go further more i.e. war. By shedding blood no one is going to win anything ,there will be sorrow, disturbance and even worse. As China is showing off that they are superior from past and now,as well. And  India is at such an active pace of developing that it can’t compete with their superiority. If this thing continues then our government cannot  concentrate on things which are far more important. At some point both have to get along with each other, both  need to resolve this issue not by war but through rational, objective and constructive means.


-Laxmi Saro Hembrom
  ( 2017IMG-049)